Inscrit le: 11 Mar 2004
|Posté le: Ven 08 Déc 2006 13:30 Sujet du message: Transformation locale de nos matieres premieres,des exemples
|Le Cameroun qui Produit 100 000 tonnes de cotons par an, s'est fixe pour but d'en transformer localement 30 and 40.000 tonnes d'ici 2015, avec la mise en place d'une nouvelle structure de transformation CACOCOM.
Jusqu'ici le cameroun ne comptait qu'une societe de transformation dans ce secteur, CICAM et celle-ci ne transformait que 5000 tonnes.
Les pays industrialises refusant d'arreter la subvention de leur agriculture dans le domaine, cassent les prix sur le marche international, ce qui ne laisse pas le choix a nos pays.
Espererons que ce pas, qui aurait deja du etre fait depuis longtemps et pas seulement dans le secteur du coton, encouragera nos gouvernement a ne pas s'arreter en si bon chemin.
Local Transformation : Stakes and Ramifications
LUKONG Pius NYUYLIME
It was with all smiles and hope that the Minister of Mines, Industries and Technological Development signed the agreement last Wednesday with the Cameroon Cotton Company (CACOCOM) to enable the latter transform cotton at home. It is the first of its kind in this sector where CICAM has hitherto played the monopoly role for decades. Christened Integrated Project on Cotton Transformation, the new project will not only enhance the production of products from cotton from cotton at the local level, it will equally provide jobs for over 400 people. Presently, Cameroon produces 100.000 tons of cotton per year but only 5000 tons are transformed by CICAM far from international standards which stand at between 30 and 40.000 tons. In order to redress the situation, the State plans to ensure the transformation of 15.000 tons by 2010 and 30.000 tons by 2015. CACOCAM will be transforming 100 tons per day and intends to greatly surpass the objectives fixed by the State.
The signing of the agreement is quite timely, considering that World Trade Organisation Cotton Sub-Committee has been grappling with the "cotton four" domestic support proposal.
The proposal was made to WTO by four African countries, Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad and Mali, asking for significant reductions in trade-distorting domestic support. African countries as a group and individually have so far supported the proposal with Egypt and Kenya calling for technical discussions on the proposal. So far, this has served as a reference to the procedure used for the agriculture negotiation as a whole.
But as the world disagrees to agree on the issue of subventions, CACOCOM is about setting a very serious precedence for other sectors to follow. It ushers in a new dispensation for promoting local transformation of products not only in the cotton sector but in other sectors as well. The sing song has been long overdue in sectors such as timber and some agricultural products like cocoa. Cameroon like many other African countries finds itself in a position where the dictates of what it produces come rather from outside. Prices of cocoa for instance are determined outside based on what the actors think they are spending to transform the product. They come, buy, transport, transform and transport back to Cameroon. All the costs involved in the whole process are added to the initial value of the product, hence perpetual hikes in prices.
The situation seems to be more disturbing in a sector like timber where logs are seen streaming into the Douala port almost daily for export. True, a few factories have been implanted in some localities. But how much of the timber is transformed? As CACOCOM takes root come 2008, the same question continues to be asked. How many of such companies will join the queue?
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