Posté le: Ven 30 Juin 2006 20:23 Sujet du message: a propos des cheveux des anciens egyptiens
"You can tell by microscopic examination of a cross-section of hair to what race that person belongs."
Juste un petit résumé pour les anglophobes:
Battu,sur tous les plans au Colloque du caire en 1974,les falsificateurs n'avait qu'une seule solution:la science et les cheveux des anciens egyptiens.
Dans la plupart des musées,on nous exhibent des momies avec des cheveux de types caucasiens,brun,et même blonds...
Mais,il y a une explication:En 1914,un type aux Etats Unis,veut divorcé de sa femme car il pense que c'est une négresse.On fait appel au Professeur Franz Boas ,un spécialiste qui déclare que l'on peut déterminer la raçe d'un individu par rapport à ses cheveux.C'est ainsi que la science des cheveux(je n'ai pas le mot en français) est apparut et a passioné les gens.
Pour les egyptiens,on peut constater que leurs cheveux étaient essentiellement nègres,par rapport aux échelles que les scientifiques utilisent.
Pourquoi certaine momies nous montrent des cheveux lisses,des cheveux blonds?C'est par rapport à la keratine....à la momification et......non apprenez l'anglais,pour le reste
F0R YEARS, EGYPTOLOGY has been fighting a losing battle to hold onto an ancient Egypt that is Caucasian or, at worst, sun-tanned Caucasian.
At the 1974 UNESCO conference Egyptology was dealt a fatal blow. Two African scholars wiped the floor with 18 world-renowned Egyptologists. They proved in 11 different categories of evidence that the ancient Egyptians were Africans (Black). Following that beating, Egyptology has been on its knees praying to be saved by science. Their last glimmer of hope has been the hair on Egyptian mummies.
The mummies on display in the world's museums exhibit Caucasoid-looking hair, some of it brown and blonde. These mummies include Pharaoh Seqenenre Tao of the 17th dynasty and the 19th dynasty's Rameses II. As one scholar put it: "The most common hair colour, then as now, was a very dark brown, almost black colour although natural auburn and even rather surprisingly blonde hair are also to be found."
Many Black scholars try skillfully to avoid the hair problem. This is a mistake!
In 1914, a white doctor in Detroit initiated divorce proceeding against his wife whom he suspected of being a "closet Negro". At the trial, the Columbia University anthropologist, Professor Franz Boas (1858-1942), was called upon as a race expert. Boas declared: "If this woman has any of the characteristics of the Negro race it would be easy to find them . . . one characteristic that is regarded as reliable is the hair. You can tell by microscopic examination of a cross-section of hair to what race that person belongs."
With this revelation, trichology (the scientific analysis of hair) reached the American public. But what are these differences?
Ancient Egyptian Wig
Royal Ontario Museum, Canada
The cross-section of a hair shaft is measured with an instrument called a trichometer. From this you can get measurements for the minimum and maximum diameter of a hair The minimum measurement is then divided by the maximum and then multiplied by a hundred. This produces an index. A survey of the scientific literature produces the following breakdown:
San, Southern African 55.00
Zulu, Southern African 55.00
Sub-Saharan Africa 60.00
Tasmanian (Black) 64.70
Australian (Black) 68.00
Western European 71.20
Asian Indian 73.00
Navajo American 77.00
In the early 1970s, the Czech anthropologist Eugen Strouhal examined pre-dynastic Egyptian skulls at Cambridge University. He sent some samples of the hair to the Institute of Anthropology at Charles University, Prague, to be analyzed. The hair samples were described as varying in texture from "wavy" to "curly" and in colour from "light brown" to "black". Strouhal summarized the results of the analysis:
"The outline of the cross-sections of the hairs was flattened, with indices ranging from 35 to 65. These peculiarities also show the Negroid inference among the Badarians (pre-dynastic Egyptians)."
The term "Negroid influence" suggests intermixture, but as the table suggests this hair is more "Negroid" than the San and the Zulu samples, currently the most Negroid hair in existence!
In another study, hair samples from ten 18th-25th dynasty individuals produced an average index of 51! As far back as 1877, Dr. Pruner-Bey analyzed six ancient Egyptian hair samples.Their average index of 64.4 was similar to the Tasmanians who lie at the periphery of the African-haired populations(1).
A team of Italian anthropologists published their research in the Journal of Human Evolution in 1972 and 1980. They measured two samples consisting of 26 individuals from pre-dynastic, 12th dynasty and 18th dynasty mummies. They produced a mean index of 66.50
The overall average of all four sets of ancient Egyptian hair samples was 60.02.Sounds familiar . . ., just check the table!
Young Bishari's of North Africa
Since microscopic analysis shows ancient Egyptian hair to be completely African, why does the hair look Caucasoid? Research has given us the answers.
Hair is made of keratin protein. Keratin is composed of amino acid chains called polypeptides. In a hair, two such chains are called cross-chain polypeptides. These are held together by disulphide bonds. The bulk of the hair, the source of its strength and curl, is called the cortex. The hair shafts are made of a protective outer layer called the cuticle.
We are informed by Afro Hair - A Salon Book, that chemicals for bleaching, penning and straightening hair must reach the cortex to be effective. For hair to be permed or straightened the disulphide bonds in the cortex must be broken.
The anthropologist Daniel Hardy writing in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology, tells us that keratin is stable owing to disulphide bonds. However, when hair is exposed to harsh conditions it can lead to oxidation of protein molecules in the cortex, which leads to the alteration of hair texture, such as straightening.
Two British anthropologists, Brothwell and Spearman, have found evidence of cortex keratin oxidation in ancient Egyptian hair.They held that the mummification process was responsible, because of the strong alkaline substance used. This resulted in the yellowing and browning of hair as well as the straightening effect.
This means that visual appearance of the hair on mummies cannot disguise their racial affinities. The presence of blonde and brown hair on ancient Egyptian mummies has nothing to do with their racial identity and everything to do with mummification and the passage of time. As the studies have shown, when you put the evidence under a microscope the truth comes out. At last, Egyptology's prayers have been answered. It has been put out of its misery.
Its tombstone reads Egyptology, R.I.P June 2001.
Ancient Egyptian wig is made of human hair attached to a net.
18th Dynasty Egypt
Articulated inlaid gold head-dress, which covers the hair like a hood beyond shoulder level. From an oval plate hang gold cloisonne rosettes, graduated in size. They are strung in columns, which end in lunettes, and were originally inlaid with cornelian, turquoise, glass and glazed composition. A row of pendants once lay across the forehead.
From the burial of the wives of King Tuthmosis.
W. Thebes., 18th Dynasty (1465 BC)
NOTE: There are no red-haired races.
(1) It was in 1877 that Dr. Pruner-Bey wrote a paper in the Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland,
vol. 6 (1877), pp. 71-92 titled On the Human Hair as a Race Character, concluded that ". . . . we arrive at the conclusion that the color of the hair alone is insufficient to characterize a race."
Hair Coloring in Africa:
Henna in Ancient Egypt:
Ahmose-Henttimehu 17th Dynasty (1574 BC): Henttimehu was probably a daughter of Seqnenre-Taa II and Ahmose-Inhapi.
Smith reports that the mummy of Henttimehu own hair had been dyed a bright red at the sides, probably with henna.
Reference: G. Elliott Smith, The Royal Mummies, Duckworth Publishing; (September, 2000)
Henna (English) is a perennial shrub called Lawsonia inermis (Lythraceae)
Other common names: Egyptian Privet, Jamaica Mignonette tree
Height: 8 to 15 feet
Native to Egypt, tropical Africa, India and Asia. The entire shrub is ornamental, with small oval leaves and clusters of fragrant flowers in white, rose or cinnabar-red. The leaves, flowers, and twigs are ground into a fine powder, then mixed with hot water, and applied to the body or hair to leave a impermanent reddish-orange tint.
The Samburu Warrior
The exact origin of the Samburu [map], who inhabit an area in Kenya's northern frontier, is unknown. What can be said is that the Samburu are one of several East African Nilotic peoples, who show traits of Hamitic acculturation. The men are tall and lean.
The warriors spend many hours braiding each other's hair into ever longer strands that fall evenly down their backs. They also smear red ochre mixed with animal fact over their hair. They wear beaded decorations across their foreheads, often entwined with their braided hair. All warriors wear ivory earplugs in the stretched holes in their earlobes.
Photos and text from the book African Warrior the Samburu, Thomasin Magor, Harry N. Abrams, Inc. Publishers, 1994.
Queen Kiya: Mother of King Tutankhamun
1334-1325 BC (18th Dynasty, Egypt)
With one knee on the ground and the other up and forward in a kneeling position. Her arms are raised before her in prayer. She wears a Nubian wig often seen on Amarna's royal women.
Image and text from the book Tutankhamun and the Golden Age of the Pharaohs, by Zahi Hawass, National Geographic, 2005.
ki nèg nwè ki nèg klè
ki nèg klè ki nèg nwè
tout nèg a nèg
nèg klè pè nèg nwè
nèg nwè pa lè wè nèg klè
nèg nwè ké wéy klè
senti i sa roune nèg klè
mè nèg klè ké wéy klè a toujou nèg
sa ki fèt pou nèg vin' blang?
blang té gen chivé pli long?
pou senblé yé nou trapé chivé plat kon fil mang!!!
mandé to fanm...!
mè pou kisa blang lé vin' nwè?
ha... savé ki avan vin' blan yé té ja nèg!
a nou mèm ké nou mèm dépi nânni nânnan...
chinwa soti, kouli soti, indyen soti, blang soti
mèm koté nèg soti
Posté le: Ven 30 Juin 2006 21:57 Sujet du message:
The overall average of all four sets of ancient Egyptian hair samples was 60.02.Sounds familiar . . .,
Yeah , sounds like s.thing i've already read s.where .
C'est toujours bon d'avoir des références lorsque tu veux confondre certains mécréants .
Bon post . _________________ "Always be intolerant to ignorance but understanding of illiteracy (..)in those homely sayings (mother wit) was couched the collective wisdom of generations" I know why the caged bird sings, p99, Maya Angelou
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